Chili (Chile) pepper

Chili pepper

Small white variety of chili grown in Udupi district, India

The chili pepper (also chile pepper or chilli pepper, from Nahuatl chīlli [‘t͡ʃiːlːi]) is the fruit of plants from the genus Capsicum, members of the nightshade family, Solanaceae. The term in British English and in Australia, New Zealand, India,[2Malaysia and other Asian countries is just chilli without “pepper”.

Chili peppers originated in the Americas. After the Columbian Exchange, many cultivars of chili pepper spread across the world, used in both food and medicine.

India is the world’s largest producer, consumer and exporter of chili peppers. Among which the city of Guntur in Andhra Pradesh produces 30% of all the chilies produced in India, and the state of Andhra Pradesh contributes to 75% of all the chilli exports from India.


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